Carruthers Organic Chemistry PDF | Modern Methods of Organic Synthesis

Carruthers Organic Chemistry PDF | Modern Methods of Organic Synthesis 

Free Download Carruthers Organic Chemistry PDF for chemistry Olympiads and competitive exams. This book's title name is MODERN METHODS OF ORGANIC SYNTHESIS and it is written by William Carruthers and Coldham. This fourth edition covers all the important topics of chemistry and contains summary and objective questions for each chemistry chapter.  

Carruthers Organic Chemistry PDF

Book Description

Language: English
Author: William Carruthers and Coldham
Year of printing: published by Cambridge University Press
File Format: PDF
Number of chapters: 7
Number of pages: 507 pages
File Size: 10 MB

Contents of Carruthers Organic Chemistry PDF

1. Formation of carbon–carbon single bonds

1.1 Main-group chemistry: Alkylation of enolates and enamines, Conjugate addition reactions of enolates and enamines, The aldol reaction, Asymmetric methodology with enolates and enamines, Organolithium reagents, Organomagnesium reagents, Organozinc reagents, Allylic organometallics of boron, silicon and tin

1.2 Transition-metal chemistry: Organocopper reagents, Organochromium chemistry, Organocobalt chemistry, Organopalladium chemistry

2. Formation of carbon–carbon double bonds

2.1 β-Elimination reactions

2.2 Pyrolytic syn eliminations

2.3 Fragmentation reactions

2.4 Alkenes from hydrazones

2.5 Alkenes from 1,2-diols

2.6 Alkenes from alkynes

2.7 The Wittig and related reactions

2.8 Alkenes from sulfones

2.9 Alkenes using titanium or chromium reagents

2.10 Alkene metathesis reactions

3. Pericyclic reactions

3.1 The Diels–Alder cycloaddition reaction: The dienophile, The diene, Regiochemistry of the Diels–Alder reaction, Stereochemistry of the Diels–Alder reaction, Intramolecular Diels–Alder reactions, The retro Diels–Alder reaction, Asymmetric Diels–Alder reactions

3.2 [2+2] Cycloaddition reactions

3.3 Cycloaddition reactions with allyl cations and allyl anions

3.4 1,3-Dipolar cycloaddition reactions

3.5 The ene reaction

3.6 [3,3]-Sigmatropic rearrangements: The Cope rearrangement, The Claisen rearrangement

3.7 [2,3]-Sigmatropic rearrangements

3.8 Electrocyclic reactions

4. Radical and carbene chemistry

4.1 Radicals: Radical abstraction reactions: Radical addition reactions

4.2 Carbenes

5. Functionalization of alkenes

5.1 Hydroboration Reactions of organoboranes

5.2 Epoxidation and aziridination: Epoxidation, Asymmetric epoxidation, Aziridination

5.3 Dihydroxylation: Dihydroxylation with osmium tetroxide, Other methods of dihydroxylation, Amino-hydroxylation

5.4 Oxidative cleavage

5.5 Palladium-catalysed oxidation of alkenes

6. Oxidation

6.1 Oxidation of hydrocarbons: Alkanes, Aromatic hydrocarbons, Alkenes

6.2 Oxidation of alcohols: Chromium reagents, Oxidation via alkoxysulfonium salts, Manganese reagents, Other metal-based oxidants, Other non-metal-based oxidants, Oxidation to carboxylic acids or esters

6.3 Oxidation of ketones: α,β-Unsaturated ketones, α-Hydroxy-ketones, Baeyer–Villiger oxidation of ketones

7. Reduction

7.1 Catalytic hydrogenation

7.2 Reduction by dissolving metals

7.3 Reduction by hydride-transfer reagents: Derivatives of lithium aluminium hydride and sodium borohydride, Mixed lithium aluminium hydride–aluminium chloride reagents, Diisobutylaluminium hydride (DIBAL-H), Sodium cyanoborohydride and sodium triacetoxyborohydride, Borane and derivatives

7.4 Other methods of reduction: Enzyme catalysed, Wolff–Kishner reduction, Reductions with diimide, Reductions with trialkylsilanes

❯ A new emphasis has been placed on systematic problem solving in the applications of dimensional analysis.

❯ Critical Thinking questions have been added throughout the text to emphasize the importance of conceptual learning.

❯ Interactive Examples have been added throughout the text. These computer-based examples force students to think through the example step-by-step rather than simply scan
the written example in the text as many students do.

❯ ChemWork problems have been added to the end-of-chapter problems throughout the text. These problems test students’ understanding of core concepts from each chapter.

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